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Saltwater Aquariums: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
What You Need to Start a Saltwater Aquarium
Here is a Checklist of Equipment Items Needed to Start a Saltwater Aquarium. If you are new to saltwater aquaria, the number of pieces of equipment needed can seem overpowering. Using this checklist will make sure that you have everything you need before you start assembling your new aquarium.
Easy 10-Step Method to Start a Saltwater Aquarium
Saltwater Aquarium Set Up. Once you have planned what kind of saltwater aquarium you want and purchased everything needed to put it together, by following these 10 easy steps you can have your new aquarium set up and running in no time at all. Starting with Step 1, here's how to get the aquarium ready.
8 Ways to Rid Your Aquarium of Brown Algae
Curing Brown Algae in your Saltwater Aquarium. An easy, inexpensive method of getting rid of Brown Algae in your saltwater aquarium.
Nitrate Levels Too High in Your Aquarium? Try...
Here is a method to quickly reduce high nitrate levels in your aquarium and save money at the same time. Rather than doing a 10% - 20% every week or so to reduce your nitrates by a small percentage, this method can be done in a couple of hours and will reduce your nitrates and other toxins by 95%.
The Easy Way to Get Rid of Green Hair Algae
Green Hair Algae can become a real problem in saltwater aquariums if allowed to go unchecked. Fortunately, curing Green Hair Algae in marine aquariums is fairly simple: remove the food that the algae requires to live. There are a number of methods for doing this quickly and easily.
Aquarium Glass Thickness Calculator
Aquarium Glass Thickness Calculator for calculating the thickness of glass needed for different size tanks.
2 Ways to Stop Red Slime Algae in Your Aquarium
Red Slime Algae (Cyanobacteria) in saltwater aquariums: description, causes and cures. Red Slime Algae is one of the ugliest afflictions that can over run your marine aquarium in a matter of days. Once it is understood, it isn't really all that hard to get rid of.
Stan and Debbie's DIY Glass Aquarium Assembly...
This is a four view diagram that pictures Stan and Debbie's step-by-step DIY glass aquarium assembly instructions. Page 2.
15 Easy Saltwater Aquarium Reef Corals
Starting a saltwater ref tank,complete with coals may em like a huge undertaking if you don't have any previous experience with growing corals.You can greatly increase you odds of success if you start out with some of these beautiful, easy to keep beginner corals. These ar ll corals wich you always want to keep in your aquarium and make a great base for a terrific reef tank.
Why You Should Put Vodka in Your Marine Aquarium
Think that sharing a very dry vodka martini with your marine reef tank could help reduce your nitrate (NO3) and phosphate (PO4) levels? In the September 2010 issue of the
What to Do When Aquarium Algae is Out of Control
Nuisance algae in a marine aquarium can quickly get out of hand if it is not treated. There are some simple things that you can do to control the algae in your saltwater aquarium.
What's the Ideal Temperature for a Saltwater...
A discussion about the optimal temperature for a saltwater aquarium.
Starting a Saltwater Tank? Choose the Best...
Choosing a Saltwater Aquarium Filtration System In 5 Easy Steps walks you through choosing a filtration system for your saltwater aquarium.
Do You Have a Saltwater Aquarium? Avoid These...
No matter what kind of aquarium keeper you are or may become, basic saltwater, reef, or freshwater, here is a list of what are considered by your About.com Guides to Saltwater Aquariums to be the 10 most common mistakes that are made, which are problems that can be avoided if you are aware of what they are before you start an aquarium.
5 Easy Ways to Regulate pH in a Saltwater...
A simplified explanation about the relationship of pH to alkalinity in saltwater aquariums, and ways to remedy problems of high or low pH levels.
Everything You Need to DIY a Glass Fish Tank
Building your own DIY (Do It Yourself) aquarium or refugium isn't as hard as you might think. Here are plans for building your own DIY aquarium, including tips on working with glass and a materials list. Pre-assembly instructions are followed by complete step-by-step directions on how to construct a glass aquarium up to 55 gallons in size with 1/4 inch glass.
Beginner's Guide to Nitrate Issues in Saltwater...
Nitrate or NO3 what this element in a saltwater aquarium is, where it comes from, what the acceptable level of nitrate is for fish-only and reef tank systems, and how setting up a regular aquarium maintenance routine relates to decreasing nitrates In Saltwater Aquariums Reefs Tanks.
9 Reef Safe Fish for Saltwater Aquariums
Not all marine aquarium fish are "reef safe." Many saltwater fish will tear up corals, consume fish and
Does Your Aquarium Have Enough Encrusting...
How to Grow Coralline (coralline) Algae in a Saltwater Aquarium explains what Coralline Algae requires to grow well in a saltwater aquarium. How to Grow Coralline (coraline) Algae.
3 Types of Live Rock for Saltwater Aquariums
Many saltwater aquarists with marine aquariums don't understand exactly what live rock is and why it is used in marine aquariums. Live rock serves many purposes in saltwater aquariums, from refuge for tank occupants to a biological filter platform.
What is Brown, Diatom or Golden Algae, What...
About Brown, Diatom or Golden Diatom Algae in Saltwater Aquariums - What makes it grow and solutions for eliminating this problem.
Great Beginner Fish for a Saltwater Aquarium
If your are just starting an aquarium, you will probably want to start with some good beginner fish. You don't want to buy a fish that will be too difficult to begin with and you sure don't want some ugly fish that will just hang around in your tank, taking up space and food. Here are some beginner fish to help you populate your new saltwater fish tank with hardy, beautiful fish which will make your new hobby an instant success.
How Do Phosphates Affect My Saltwater Aquarium?
While phosphates don't normally affect the fish in your saltwater aquarium, elevated levels promote algae growth, and can affect your coral.
Saltwater Aquariums 101 - Day 1
Setting up a saltwater aquarium isn't really all that hard to do if you have a plan. This 5 day course walks you through every step of the process, including tank and stand selection as well as choosing the right filtration and lighting.
Clownfish Disease
A type of saltwater ich caused by an infestation of the ciliated protozoan Brooklynella hostilis, this disease is most closely and commonly associated with Clownfishes, and therefore is typically referred to as Clownfish Disease. Although this parasitic scourge requires a fish host to survive, it is not particular in its quest to find one. These protozoa multiply rapdily, which is why they can kill fish within a few days and even hours upon recognition.
Is Your Reef Tank Too Hot (or Cold)?
What is the best temperature for your reef tank? How High is Too High? If your tank temperatures are too high, it can cause coral bleaching. It may be higher than you think.
What to Do When Aquarium Water Goes Cloudy
If you have an aquarium for any length of time, you will experience cloudy aquarium water at one time or another. Curing cloudy aquarium water isn't really all that difficult, once you determine the cause. The causes of cloudy aquarium water in each case can usually be determined by the color or tint of the water.
4 Critters Who Love Eating Fish Tank Algae
Reef Safe Algae Eaters - Rock and Glass Cleaners
What Every Aquarium Owner Should Know About...
What Is Protein Skimming, and How Does It Work? An Introduction to Protein Skimmers, what protein skimming is and how it works.
Does Your Saltwater Aquarium Need a Sump?
A discussion on what a sump is, the benefits one can provide your saltwater aquariuum, and if you really need one.
Aquascaping Saltwater Aquarium Live Rock
Arranging the live rock in your saltwater aquarium can be frustrating. Here are some helpful tips to make the task easier and faster.
Help! There Are Little White Bugs in My Aquarium
Copepods and Amphipods Profiled - Page 1 - Classification information and facts about those little white bugs in your saltwater aquarium. Also which marine fish and invertebrates eat Copepods and Amphipods.
Power's Out? Here's How to Keep Your Aquarium...
If your power goes out for any reason, one of the first things you need to worry about with your aquarium is getting oxygen to your tank critters. Fish and invertebrates, including corals constantly deplete the oxygen in your tank. Here is how to replenish the O2 in your tank until the power is restored.
DIY Glass Aquarium Building Tips
Page 1 - An Introduction from your About Expert to Saltwater Aquariums on how to calculate the correct thickness of glass to use when building your own DIY glass aquarium, which includes considerations on the quality and characteristics of the choice of material as well.
Can You Convert a Freshwater Aquarium to...
What pieces of equipment and other components can be used for converting a freshwater aquarium over to a saltwater system.
Five Reasons That Marine Fish Die in Aquariums
In spite of what you may have heard from some
Starting a Saltwater Aquarium Is Hard, Right?...
If you have been thinking about starting a saltwater aquarium, but have some doubts about how difficult it may be, this should help set your mind at ease. In spite of what you may have heard, it's really now all that hard.
Top Saltwater Aquarium Nitrate Reducing Products
Excess nitrates and phosphates can be an ongoing problem in saltwater aquariums. Shop and compare prices on the most popular products for cures.
How to Choose Saltwater Fish That Will Get...
Marine fish have figured out how to stay alive in the oceans for literally millions (billions?) of years.
What is a Marine Aquarium Refugium?
A refugium can be a valuable addition to almost any saltwater aquarium. From growing nitrate consuming (as well as a natural fish food) macroalgae, to cultivating copepods and amphipods to feed your other tank occupants, refugiums have many uses in a marine aquarium.
Top Submersible Aquarium Heaters
An aquarium heater is a critical piece of equipment. One of the most efficient and popular types with aquarists are submersibles, and here is our list of top pick units
Want a Saltwater Aquarium? Don't Believe These...
Since the beginning of time, successfully keeping a saltwater aquarium has seemed a total mystery to a vast majority of people. Over the past few decades, the science of saltwater aquaria has increased by leaps and bounds. In spite of the new knowledge, many of the old myths which arose during the years of experimentation are still professed by some as facts. Here are some of the most popular myths which are still in circulation:
Black Spot or Tang Disease
Typically a disease that is most commonly associated with Tangs and Surgeonfishes, Black Spot Disease or Black Ich is actually caused by an infestation of tiny Genus Paravortex member turbellarian flatworms, which take up residence in the aquarium substrate. Although parasitic organisms that are much less dangerous and life-threatening, as well as rather easy to get rid of compared to other ich diseases, nonetheless it is a problem that needs to be treated upon recognition.
11 Primary Food Groups of Marine Fishes Table
So what do marine fishes eat in nature? Many different things of course. This table of the 11 primary food groups of marine fishes in nature briefly describes what each group eats, and includes a list of fish family's that are cross-matched to the number coded food group or groups they are associated with. Page 3.
What Do Corals Eat? - A Complete Coral Food...
Corals in Saltwater Aquariums require more food than they derive from light alone in order to grow and propagate, Here is a DIY coral food recipe that will perk up your corals.
FAQ: How Often Should I Feed My Saltwater...
FAQ: How Often Should I Feed My Saltwater Aquarium Fish? Once per day? Twice? Every two days? Here is how often and why.
How to Keep Your Saltwater Aquarium Healthy
Once you have completed the first basic aquarium maintenance tasks one should perform several weeks after an aquarium has finished cycling, it's time to set up a regular schedule and begin standard maintenance procedures. Find out what these tasks are, and when they are recommended to be done.
What Is A Biological Filter
What Is A Biological Filter explains what a biological filter is in a saltwater aquarium.
How to Determine GPH Water Flow Rates
How To Determine GPH Water Flow Rates of Saltwater Aquarium Pumps and Filters. About Saltwater Aquariums
Using Activated Carbon in Saltwater Aquarium...
Find out what activated carbon is, what it does, how often it should be changed and used in saltwater aquarium systems as well as the pros and cons of using activated carbon.
Top Automatic Fish Feeders
Automatic fish feeders are not just for when you are away on vacation. they are also a great way to feed your fish 2 or 3 times per day, every day.
The Beginner's Guide to Saltwater Tank...
This course will guide you through setting up your new saltwater aquarium. In this lesson, learn what type of aquarium is right for you and where to put it.
Tap Water Purification Methods
Methods for how to purify fresh tap water before using it in saltwater aquarium systems to avoid the potential problems that can arise from doing so.
How To Give Fish a Freshwater Dip or Bath
One of the simplest and fastest ways to reduce and eliminate the numbers of all types of ich organisms, as well as flukes and lice that are parasitici on saltwater fishes is to give them a quick freshwater dip or bath. This method of hyposalinity is very effective, takes little time to prepare for, and is strongly recommended as the first step in treating ich diseased fish prior to placing them into a QT for long term treatment with the proper medication for what ails them. Here's How:
Top 9 Phosphate-Removing Products for an Aquarium
Typically the best way to reduce the accumulation of phosphate (PO4) in aquariums is to perform repetitive water changes, but with advances in science, there are now a number of excellent products that are easy to use to remove harmful phosphate from aquariums quickly and safely. From granulated media to simple pads, here's a variety of popular products to choose from that can help solve your phosphate woes.
The Top 8 Skimmer Picks: In-Sump Models
Read product reviews and compare prices on In-Sump/Hang-On-Sump Protein Skimmers your About Guides to Saltwater Aquariums consider to be some of the best on choices on the market.
Popeye in Saltwater Fish: Causes and Treatments
From your About Guides to Saltwater Aquariums, learn what Popeye is, how to identify it, what causes this condition and how to treat it in saltwater fish.
The 3 Phases of the Nitrogen Cycle in a...
In a saltwater aquarium, the chain reaction of ammonia being converting into nitrite, then nitrite into nitrate is called the nitrogen cycling (cycle) process. Learn all about the 3 components and phases of this biological conversion process that is performed by nitrosoma and nitrobacter bacterias to establish a cycled aquarium, which all fresh or saltwater tanks go through.
FAQ - How Do I Get Rid of Red Slime Algae? A solution and quick cure for Red Slime Algae in a saltwater aquarium. - How Do I Get Rid of Red Slime Algae? A solution and quick cure for Red Slime Algae in a saltwater aquarium.
Your Go-To Guide for Glass Aquarium Design
There are a few things that must be taken into consideration when designing a glass aquarium. How to select the right glass thickness is a primary concern. Here is a step-by-step procedure for selecting the right glass thickness and save some money at the same time.
How to Make Glass Aquarium Repairs in 12 Steps
Making Glass Aquarium Repairs - How To Repair Major Leaks or Replace a Broken Pane of Aquarium Glass - Here are step-by-step instructions from your About Guides to Saltwater Aquariums on how to repair major leaks or replace a broken pane of aquarium glass.
Reverse Osmosis Water Filter Picks
Aquarists have found that using an individual reverse osmosis, deionization, or a combination RO/DI water filter unit to purify fresh tap water before use in aquariums provides far superior water quality by removing nitrate, phosphate and other chemical elements found in tap water that can lead to algae blooms and other problems. Read product reviews and compare prices on Reverse Osmosis water filters that your Guides to Saltwater Aquariums consider to be some of the best on the market to buy.
Mini (10 gallon or less) Saltwater Aquarium Kits
With the advances in science, mini (10 gallons and less) saltwater aquariums are easier than ever. Shop and compare prices on these terrific mini aquarium kits.
How Many Fish Should You Put in a Saltwater...
Rule of thumb: One inch of fish per 5 gallons of saltwater -- far less than in fresh aquariums. Here's why.
Growing, Cultivating or Culturing Amphipods and...
Growing, Cultivating or Culturing Amphipods and Copepods for a natural, highly nutritious food supply for your saltwater fish and invertebrates is really quite easy. Copepods and Amphipods are just about the only foods that Mandarins/Dragonettes and Sea Horses will eat when first introduced to your tank.
How To Clean and Rejuvenate Old Air Stones
Save some pennies by learning how to clean and rejuvenate old clogged air stones to reuse them with these simple instructions from your Guides.
13 Ways to Rid Your Tank of Aiptasia Anemones
Aiptasia anemones, while beautiful to many marine aquarists, can be a definite nuisance due to their ability to reproduce rapidly. A single Aiptasia anemone can multiply at a rate which will overrun a reef tank in a short period of time, killing off corals, fish and invertebrates. There are a number of proven methods to control aiptasia anemones which do not cost a lot of money, only perseverance.
Choosing a Filtration System for Your Saltwater...
Choosing A Filtration System For Your Saltwater Aquarium discusses what type or kind of filtration is best for you. Not all filters are suitable for reef, fish only FO or Fish Only With Live Rock FOWLR systems tanks
How to Treat Fish for Ammonia Burns
A common problem that can occur when fresh or saltwater aquarium fish become exposed to high toxic levels of ammonia in aquarium, bag shipping and transport water, learn about what causes ammonia burns, what situations are most commonly associated with this problem, the typical symptoms or signs to look for, and how to treat fish them for it.
Before You Buy a Protein Skimmer Tips
Before You Buy Protein Skimmer tips from your About Guides to Saltwater Aquariums on the many types of protein skimmers there are to choose from, Hang-On Tank, In-Sump, and In-Tank models, and the good and bad points to consider before you buy one for your saltwater reef tank aquarium.
Top 8 Protein Skimmers for Saltwater Tanks
Read product reviews and compare prices on the Top Top Hang In-Tank/Hang On-Tank Protein Skimmers your Guides to Saltwater Aquariums consider to some of the top picks on the market. Hang In-Tank/Hang On-Tank Protein Skimmers are a convenient and effective method for removing excess proteins from your marine tank water.
Top 7 Aquarium Powerheads
Not all aquarium powerheads are created equal. Some are only suitable for limited use, while others can be used to run aquarium equipment, such as protein skimmers, or used as a water pump. Taking the time to compare maintenance requirements, cost, features, and GPH flow rates on these top pick powerheads from your About.com Experts to Saltwater Aquariums will help you make a wise choice.
Looking for Under Aquarium Cabinet Wet/Dry...
From a basic wet/dry only, to a wet/dry with sump, to a wet/dry with sump and built-in skimmer included, trickle filters are available in an array of styles and sizes to fit your particular fresh or saltwater aquarium's filtration needs. Designed to utilize biological, mechanical and chemical mediums, and a place to put a heater, skimmer or other additional aquarium equipment, installing an under cabinet overflow unit such as these Top Picks can make keeping a tank clean and tidy much easier.
Fox, Jasmine and Ridge (Nemenzophyllia) Corals
15 Easy Saltwater Aquarium Corals - Fox, Jasmine and Ridge (Nemenzophyllia) Corals. Page 13.
Star Polyps, Green Star Polyps and Daisy Polyps...
15 Easy Saltwater Aquarium Corals - Star Polyps, Green Star Polyps and Daisy Polyps (Pachyclavularia) Corals - Images and care information. Page 4.
Sea Mat and Button Polyp (Protopalythoa) Corals
15 Easy Saltwater Aquarium Corals - Sea Mat and Button Polyp (Protopalythoa) Corals - Pictures, images, information about Sea Mat and Button Polyp Corals. Page 7.
Finger Leather and Colt (Cladiella) Corals
15 Easy Saltwater Aquarium Corals - Finger Leather and Colt (Cladiella) Corals - Photos, Images, Pictures, information about Finger Leather and Colt Corals. Page 6.
Using Mangroves For Nitrate Reduction
Find out how to use Mangrove Plants for natural filtration to remove nitrates, phosphates and other organics in your saltwater aquarium.
Photos to Inspire Your Next Reef Tank Design
This Reef Tank Photos Galleries Index provides easy access to the Top Reef Tank Photos Galleries. Here are the best of reef tank aquarium pictures.
Toadstool, Leather and Mushroom (Sarcophyton)...
15 East Saltwater Aquarium Corals - Toadstool, Leather and Mushroom (Sarcophyton) Corals. Page 8.
What Do Corals Eat?
Many corals in Saltwater Aquariums require more food than they derive from light alone in order to grow and propagate. Knowing which foods benefit corals will go a long ways towards increasing your corals' ability to grow and propagate.
Make a Cheap, Easy DIY Sump
Cheap, Easy DIY Aquarium Sumps are everywhere. Why pay a fortune for a commercially made aquarium sump if you don't have to? Potential sumps are everywhere. You just have to know what to look for.
Solving Leaky Glass Aquarium Problems
Solving Leaky Glass Aquarium Problems - An introduction to why leaks occur in glass aquariums, and a list of common mistakes to avoid making repairs to a leaky fresh or saltwater glass aquarium, whether it be a minor or a major problem.
5 Reef-Safe Sand Sifter Species
Sand sifters keep the substrate in your aquarium clean by sifting through the sand, removing detritus, uneaten food and other tank debris. Many of the animals which sift sand also harm or destroy other life in your tank. Reef safe sand sifters do it without harming fish, corals and other invertebrates in your reef tank.
Sea Mat and Button Polyp (Palythoa) Corals
15 Easy Saltwater Aquarium Corals - Sea Mat and Button Polyp (Palythoa) Corals - Images, Photos, Pictures and information Sea Mat and Button Polyp (Palythoa) Corals. Page 5.
Defining Micro and Macro Algae
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Comparison Table of Primary Elements in Some...
To help you easily compare the differences between essential elements contained in some of the top brand name sea salt mixes sold on the market, we compiled this quick reference elements comparison table based on actual test results that were conducted by the Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology. Page 6.
How To Repair Small Leaks in Glass Aquariums in...
With a few inexpensive items and a little time you can easily repair small or minor leaks in a glass aquarium using these simple instructions from your Guides.
How To Manually Generate Heat in Aquariums
When the power goes out and you don't have an emergency power source to run a heater to keep your aquarium warm under cold weather conditions, here's what you can do to help keep the aquarium's water temperature from dropping too hazardous degrees.
About Using Canister Filters
Information about canister filters and what they are used for in a saltwater aquarium systems - before you buy considerations and maintenance tips.
Table of Major and Minor Elements in Natural...
A quick reference table that reflects the abundances or values of major and minor elements as well as related compounds that make up the composition of natural sea water that are considered to be essential to compare when buying a sea salt mix for making up aquarium saltwater. Page 4.
Zoanthid, Sea Mat and Button Polyp (Zoanthus)...
15 Easy Saltwater Aquarium Corals - Zoanthid, Sea Mat and Button Polyp (Zoanthus) Corals. Page 9.
All about Bacterial Diseases in Marine Aquarium...
Bacterial Diseases in Saltwater Aquarium Fish can be difficult to identify and treat unless you know what you are looking for. Identification, Causes & Treatments for bacterial diseases in marine fish.
Top Canister Saltwater Aquarium Filter Picks
Top Saltwater Aquarium Canister Filters - Although canister filters may appear small, these compact units are designed to provide complete 3-stage mechanical, chemical and biological filtration in aquariums. For maximum efficiency, choose one with media chamber holding capacities that exceed your aquarium's bioload filtering requirements. Here are top choices that can be hung on the rim, placed along-side or behind an aquarium as well as under a cabinet out of sight.
Buying Gifts For an Aquarist
When trying to figure out what to give someone that owns a saltwater or a freshwater aquarium, like buying a gift for anyone, it's not unusual to get stuck for ideas. From the information provided here about ways to easily find out what an aquarium keeper you know wants or needs, how to make a gift giving ideas shopping list from the many equipment and supply items suggested, along with other items you can give any aquarist, you shouldn't have trouble finding the right gifts.
Algae Photos Gallery
Algae Picture Gallery - Photos of a number of alga types including Brown Algae, Red Algae, Brown\Golden Diatom Algae, Green Algae, Purple/Pink Coralline Algae and Red Slime Alga pictures.
Top Aquarium Power Filters
Power filters are among the most popular filters used in aquariums, today. Here's a list of top aquarium power filters recommended by your About Guides as being some of the most efficient and best aquarium power filters to choose for filtering not only saltwater aquariums, but freshwater systems as well.
8 Ideal Starter Corals for Beginners
Here's a list of soft live corals that are some of the easiest to take care in reef aquariums. These top pick easy soft coral species are a good choice for any reef keeper, but are ideal for beginners to start with. They are hardy varieties that typically adapt well to aquarium life, and don't require intense light. In fact, most all of these corals do best in low to moderate lighting and water movement or similar reef tank conditions.
Bristleworms - What are they and will they hurt...
FAQ - Bristleworms - What are they and will they hurt my fish? Here are the answers. FAQ - Bristleworms - What are they and will they hurt my fish? Here are the answers.
Closed and Dented Brain (Symphyllia) Corals
15 Easy Saltwater Aquarium Corals - Closed and Dented Brain (Symphyllia) Corals. Page 10.
Do It Yourself (DIY) Undergravel Filter (UGF)...
DIY Under Gravel Filter (UGF) Plans for a Saltwater Aquarium. In 1989 we built 16 UGF's for our fish collection business holding tanks using Martin Moe's Marine Aquarium Handbook as a guide, making changes to fit our needs as we constructed them.
Mushroom and Leather (Cladiella) Corals
15 Easy Saltwater Aquarium Corals for Beginners - Mushroom and Leather (Cladiella) Corals - Photos, Images, information about Mushroom and Leather (Cladiella) Corals. Page 3.
How to Clean Up Aquarium Substrate and Live Rock
The primary cause of high nitrate and nuisance algae growth in aquariums stems from allowing organic debris to accumulate in the system. It's not difficult to keep an aquarium clean and tidy. From this list of handy cleaning tools and the simple things you can include as part of your regular maintenance routine to clean up the substrate and live rocks, it's easy to reduce heavy amounts of troublesome organics that settle and build up in these areas of your aquarium.
How to Choose the Best Reef System Lighting for...
Don Carner discusses about Reef System Lighting: What to Buy & Why - Using Pre-Manufactured Hoods on Reefs, the pros and cons of using Metal Halides and Power Compacts.
Moon, Pineapple, Star (Favia & Favites)...
15 Easy Saltwater Aquarium Corals - Moon, Pineapple, Star (Favia & Favites) Corals. Page 11.
The 10 Best One- to Fifty-Gallon Aquariums
Whether you are a beginner looking for your first saltwater tank, or an experienced aquarist contemplating creating a quick and easy micro or mini reef tank or a refugium, one of these Guide Top Pick aquariums between 1 to 50 gallons in size might work for you. Includes Seaclear Eclipse, Hexagon, Bowfront aquariums.
Saltwater Aquarium 101 - Day 2
Now that you have selected your new tank and determined where you are going to locate it, you will want to determine which filtration system you will be using in your tank if you tank did not already come with a filter.
How do you remove chloramines from tap water?
How do you remove chloramines from tap water? There are three methods that are most commonly used to remove chloramines from tap water. Find out what they are, and get important tips one should know about each of these methods before the water is used in fish aquariums or other aquatic animal habitats.
What Do I Feed My Corals?
What Do I Feed My Corals is a brief article on what corals eat.
Honeycomb, Star, Wreath and Moon (Goniastrea)...
15 Easy Saltwater Aquarium Corals - Honeycomb, Star, Wreath and Moon (Goniastrea) Corals. Page 12.
Mantis Shrimp- Pest of Pet?
Do Mantis Shrimp make good pets in a saltwater aquarium? They can, but only if kept in the right kind of tank. Page 3.
Things to Know Before You Buy Reef Tank Lighting
Most novice and many experienced saltwater aquarists are hesitant to start a reef tank. Here is a simple explanation of how much lighting you will need for your reef aquarium and light fixture pricing information.
How to Make Saltwater Using Sea Salts
How to How to Make Saltwater Using Sea Salts. You would think that mixing salt and water together would be easy. Well, it is. But if you are mixing up saltwater for your marine aquarium, there are a few things that you need to do right or you can do some serious damage to your aquarium critters.
How to Start (set up) a Saltwater Aquarium
Starting (setting up) a new saltwater (marine) aquarium can be fun if you have all of the information at your fingertips. Here you will find everything from planning the aquarium system, to equipment selection to putting it all together to actually starting the aquarium up. Setting up your new aquarium can easily be done in less than a day.
Getting Salt Creep Off Your Glass Aquarium
Getting salt creep off your glass aquarium is a project that many put off as long as they can. Unfortunately, it gets worse and more difficult with time.
Choosing The Right Substrate For Your Saltwater...
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How to Use Live Sand in Your Saltwater Aquarium
What live sand is, and what types of live sand should be used in a saltwater aquarium. There are a number of bands and types of live sand on the market. Know what you need for your tank before buying live sand.
Mangroves In Saltwater Aquariums
Using Mangroves in saltwater aquariums for Dissolved Organic Content filtration and toxic chemical removal. It is amazing what mangroves can do for a saltwater aquarium.
How To Preventing Aquarium Sump Overflows
How To Prevent Aquarium Sump Overflows during power outages or sump pump failures. Simple step by step instructions for preventing your sump from overflowing.
12 Types of Clownfish and the Anemones That...
Clownfish/Host Anemone Matches by Clownfish lists Clownfish which are common in saltwater aquariums and the Host Sea Anemones which they prefer to live in.
Head and Lateral Line Erosion Disease (HLLD)
Saltwater Aquariums, information about how to identify the fish disease head and lateral line erosion (HLLE), what may cause it and how to treat or reverse its effects
How To Treat Ich Diseased Fish with Formalin
Formaldehype is most effective at ridding fish of common parasitic protozoan Black Spot, Clownfish, and White Spot marine ich infestations, as well as flukes, lice, and fungal diseases that both fresh and saltwater fishes can contract. Although a toxic chemical that is hazardous in its pure form, by purchasing and using a standard over-the-counter formalin product, typically a 37% solution of formaldehype diluted with water, it's rather easy to treat ich diseased fish. Here's How:
My Aquarium Has Finished Cycling. What's Next?
Once your new marine aquarium has reached the final phase of the nitrogen cycling process and completing its task of establishing your tank's biological filter base don't make the mistake of moving ahead too quickly. It is important to be patient, and move slowly! Here's why.
Why and How Leather Corals Shed
Some Leather or Family Alcyoniidae corals periodically slough-off a thin top layer of tissue. When we observed the first signs of a Toadstool Mushroom Leather Coral preparing to shed, it was not only fascinating to watch the coral go through this process, but we documented each phase of the transition from start to finish with pictures. View the photos, and learn why and how Sarcophyton, Lobophytum and Sinularia species leather corals regularly shed what could be described as old skin.
Wet Dry Trickle Filters
Wet/dry trickle filters in saltwater aquariums have been very popular for quite some time. What is a wet/dry trickle filter and how does it work? These questions and others are answered.
Mushroom (Actinodiscus) Coral
15 Easy Corals - Mushroom (Actinodiscus) Coral - Includes pictures, images, Mushroom (Actinodiscus) Coral care information. Page 2.
True VS False Percula Clownfishes - How Can You...
True VS False Percula Clownfishes - How Can You Tell Which is Which? Find out what differences set the True (Amphiprion percula) and False (Amphiprion ocellaris) Percula Clown or Anemonefish apart from one another, which is more than just being tank-raised or not.
Ways to Speed Up the Nitrogen Cycling Process
Methods on how to speed up the nitrogen cycling process by seeding a new saltwater aquarium with some mature bacteria from various sources.
Lobed, Flat, and Open Brain (Lobophyllia) Corals
15 Easy Saltwater Aquarium Corals - Lobed, Flat, and Open Brain (Lobophyllia) Corals
DIY Basic Aquarium Canopy Plan
Here is an easy basic plan, graphics and instructions for building a tank canopy. Make it as fancy or plain as you wish. The basics are the same.
What Is a Fish-Only Saltwater System?
What is a fish-only saltwater system? What kind of fish are good for this type of set up? What are the fundamental requirements of a FO system set up? For anyone that is planning to start this type of saltwater aquarium, here are the answers to these and other questions about setting up a fish-only system.
Table of Common Element Compounds in Natural...
Although these compounds of common elements are present and harmless in natural sea water (NSW), they are often found at undesirable higher concentrations in some sea salt mixes. Therefore, these elements should be considered when choosing a mix to buy for making up aquarium water. Page 5.
Part 1: Saltwater Tank Temperatures
Learn all about the various types of heaters that are used to heat a saltwater aquarium, what size heaters to use for aquariums, when to use multiple heaters and how to choose and use them properly to regulate tank temperatures.
Marine Ich, Velvet or Coral Fish Disease
Marine Ich, Velvet or Coral Fish Disease is caused from an infestation of the dinoflagellate Amyloodinium ocellatum, which during one stage of its life cycle is parasitic to fishes. Learn to diagnosis and treat Oodinium, because this kind of ich commonly known as Velvet or Coral Fish Disease can result in the total wipeout of all fish in a saltwater aquarium.
Marine Ich Diseases & Other Fish Parasites
Learn all about how to diagnose and treat the many types of saltwater ich parasites that can plague and kill marine fish in aquariums, such as White Spot, Black Spot, Velvet and Clownfish Diseases, as well as other parasitic animals like fish flukes and lice.
Table of Top 14 Out of 70 Trace Elements in...
This table reflects the abundances or values of the top 14 out of 70 trace elements that are found in natural sea water (NSW) that are considered to be the most essential for saltwater aquarium systems. Therefore, these elements should be considered when choosing a a sea salt mix to buy for making up aquarium water. Page 7.
Aquascaping Rocks Help Tips
When aquascaping your saltwater aquarium with live rock, raising the rocks off the bottom of the tank before adding the substrate may help in a number of ways.
Bad Type Bristleworms Control
When it comes to the control of bad type errant Bristleworm infestations in saltwater aquariums, primarily it is the large toxic and voracious Pherecardia (Pacific), Hermodice(Caribbean), and other related Fireworm species of the Polychaete class in the Amphinomidae family that an aquarist needs to be concerned about. Preventing these destructive worms from accidentally getting into, or removing them if found in a saltwater aquarium is recommended. Here is what you can do.
How to Plan a Saltwater System
If you want to start a saltwater aquarium, but don't know where to begin, this simple step-by-step how to plan a saltwater system outline will help guide you along. The first step in planning a saltwater aquarium is to decide what kind of system you want. Here are the options you can choose from.
What is a Reef Tank?
What is a Reef Tank? describes exactly what a reef tank is and how it differs from a Fish Only or Fish Only With Live Rock aquarium.
Yellow Tang Profile
A profile of the Yellow Tang, including photos, scientific name, common names, distribution, maximum size, characteristics, compatibility, diet and feeding, minimum tank size, and reef tank suitability.
How to Cycle a New Saltwater Aquarium with Fish
Cycling a New Saltwater Aquarium With Fish - Tips From Your About Guides For Making Good Tank Starter Fish Choices
Why Is Proper Aeration So Important? A Quick...
A dicussion about the importance of aeration in saltwater aquariums and if air stone bubbles are a sufficient source for proper aeration.
What Makes Coral Bleaching Happen?
From changes in ocean currents and temperatures, to sedimentation and pollution, the impact of these and other natural occurring events in nature that are suspected of causing coral bleaching on reefs around the world are those that effect reef tank corals. If you are having trouble with coral bleaching, take time to evaluate what situations arise in nature that can be considered plausible causes of why this is happening to your corals. Once diagnosed, you can then take steps to fix the problem.
Is It Time to Go to LED Lighting on Your Reef...
Is It Time to Go to LED Lighting on Your Reef Tank? Reef tank lighting has taken a quantum leap forward with the invention of the LED (Light Emitting Diode) light bulb. Very long bulb life combined with extremely low power consumption make these new lights well worth looking at.
Reef Safe Hermit Crabs
Not all Hermit Crabs are considered to be safe for reef tanks. Many Hermit Crabs will destroy corals, eat fish, or other invertebrates. Growing Hermit Crabs are always on the lookout for a larger shell to settle in. These hermits are considered to be reef safe janitors.
DIY Oak Aquarium Cabinet
Complete plans for a DIY Oak Aquarium Cabinet, including material and tool lists, photos and graphics. This cabinet looks terrific and is not difficult to build.
How to Make a DIY Aquarium Chiller
Here are plans and instructions for a DIY Do It Yourself Aquarium Water Chiller. A rather quick and inexpensive method for maintaining a steady system temperature, especially during those long hot summer months.
The A to Z of Aquarium Air and Water Pump Set-Ups
Using Powerheads For Water Circulation In A Saltwater Aquarium. Page 3.
Reef Tank Janitors
Learn what reef tank janitors are, what beneficial tasks they perform, and what types of saltwater Hermit Crabs and Snails make the best algae eaters. Hermit Crabs and Snails make the best algae eaters.

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